Primary liver cancer starts in the liver. Around 5,700 people are diagnosed with liver cancer each year in the UK. That’s around 16 new cases every day.
It is more common in men than in women. The risk of developing liver cancer gets higher as we get older.
The type of liver cancer you have depends on where it starts and the type of cell it starts in. The different types of primary liver cancer are:
- hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), this is the most common type of liver cancer
- fibrolamellar cancer, a rare type of HCC
- intra hepatic cholangiocarcinoma, which starts in the section of bile ducts inside the liver
- angiosarcoma (or haemangiosarcoma), which starts in the blood vessels of the liver and is extremely rare
- hepatoblastoma, is a rare childhood cancer
At CCC we have research studies investigating treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma. This is the most common type of primary liver cancer. Because of this, the information in the primary liver cancer section is mostly about hepatocellular cancers.
This type of liver cancer develops from the main liver cells called hepatocytes. It's more common in people who have a damaged liver from cirrhosis. Cirrhosis means scarring of the liver due to previous damage, such as from the hepatitis B or C virus or long term alcohol drinking.
Hepatocellular carcinoma is more likely to develop in men than in women and becomes more common as you get older.
The main treatments for liver cancer are:
- surgery to remove the cancer (resection)
- liver transplant
- biological therapy
- chemotherapy directly into the liver (chemoembolisation)
- radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
To find out more about liver cancer and research visit https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/live...