Ovarian cancer is when abnormal cells in the ovary begin to grow and divide in an uncontrolled way, and eventually form a growth (tumour).
If not caught early cancer cells gradually grow into the surrounding tissues and may spread to other areas of the body.
There are different types of ovarian cancer. The type depends on the type of cell the cancer started in.
Most cases of ovarian cancer are epithelial cancers. This means the cancer started in cells covering the ovary or fallopian tubes.
The main treatment options for ovarian cancer are surgery and chemotherapy. CCC are also running Clinical Trials investigating PARP-1 inhibitors which are drugs that block proteins that help cells repair their DNA.
We can now test for 3 gene faults involved in ovarian cancer. If you have breast cancer and ovarian cancer in your family, it may be that people in your family are carrying a fault in one of the cancer genes BRCA1 or BRCA2. If you have one of these gene faults, you have an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer.