Bladder cancer research

Bladder cancer is cancer that starts in the inner lining of the bladder. Around 10,300 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer every year in the UK. It is the 10th most common cancer in the UK, and the 8th most common cancer in men. Most people with bladder cancer are over 60 years old. It is rare in people under 40.

The type of bladder cancer means the type of cell the cancer started in. This determines the type of treatment that you need.

We currently have clinical trials for urothelial cancer.

Urothelial cancer

About 9 out of 10 bladder cancers in the UK are urothelial cancer. This is also known as transitional cell bladder cancer. This type of bladder cancer develops from the cells of the bladder lining. These are called transitional cells. These cells come into contact with waste products in the urine that may cause cancer, such as chemicals from cigarette smoke.

Urothelial cancer can be categorised into non muscle invasive and muscle invasive.

In early bladder cancers (non muscle invasive) the cancer is only in the lining of the bladder and has not grown into the deeper layers of the bladder wall.

Invasive bladder cancer means that the cancer has grown into the deeper (muscle) layer of the bladder or beyond. Invasive bladder cancer needs more intensive treatment than early bladder cancer because there is a risk that it could spread to other parts of the body.

For more information about bladder cancer research visit